Busher (Iran)

Map of Busher

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2 * 1200 MW PWR planned.

Facilities in Busher

plantreactor typconstruction startoperation startshut down
Busher-1PWR19752011
Busher-2PWR1976
2002-05-28

Russia will train around 100 Iranian engineers to work at the nuclear power station. The power station is due to enter service in 2004 or 2005 and the six following years will be a transitional period during which Russian engineers will help their Iranian colleagues to operate it. The United States of America are afraid, that Iran intends to provide material for the construction of an atomic bomb with the 1000-megawatt power plant.
The United States and Israel fear that the Russian-Iranian nuclear cooperation could enable Tehran to acquire the technology needed to build nuclear weapons.
Meanwhile Iran has said the plant is being built only for civilian energy purposes, and it allows regular inspections of Busher by the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency).
Deputy Atomic Energy Minister Valery Lebedev said a provision on repatriating the spent fuel rods had been written into the agreement between Moscow and Tehran on the building and operation of the plant.
"During our recent meeting in May, representatives of the Atomic Energy Ministry (IAEA) reaffirmed this provision," Lebedev said.
However, he said the waste would be stored in Iran for three years to "cool off" before being shipped to a site in the Krasnoyarsk region of western Siberia for reprocessing or permanent storage.

2002-05-28

Russia will train around 100 Iranian engineers to work at the nuclear power station. The power station is due to enter service in 2004 or 2005 and the six following years will be a transitional period during which Russian engineers will help their Iranian colleagues to operate it.
The United States and Israel fear that the Russian-Iranian nuclear cooperation could enable Tehran to acquire the technology needed to build nuclear weapons.
Meanwhile Iran has said the plant is being built only for civilian energy purposes, and it allows regular inspections of Busher by the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency).
Deputy Atomic Energy Minister Valery Lebedev said a provision on repatriating the spent fuel rods had been written into the agreement between Moscow and Tehran on the building and operation of the plant.
"During our recent meeting in May, representatives of the IAEA reaffirmed this provision," Lebedev said.
However, he said the waste would be stored in Iran for three years to "cool off" before being shipped to a site in the Krasnoyarsk region of western Siberia for reprocessing or permanent storage.

1999-01-01

Since the 1970ies German governments supported efforts to secure lucrative turn-key nuclear reactor contracts in foreign markets for the German nuclear industry - one of this projects the NPP for the Islamic Republic of Iran, which should be built in Busher. Now Siemens is concerned about its global reputation - top management in recent years has worried about antinuclear grassroots threats to boycott consumer products, because of Siemens´ involvement in nuclear business .
Returning to Bushehr would certainly solve Siemens` nagging legal dispute with Iran over Iran´s claims for billions of dollars in damages, supported by the International Commerce Commission in Paris, based on evidence presented by Iran that it had paid for a nuclear plant which was never finished.

1998-05-15

Russia will continue constructing the Iranian power plant at Bushehr, taking over more responsibilities and completing the PWR essentially as a turnkey project.

The Russian Minister of Atomic Power Yevgeny Adamov said that the Russian side faces a lot of engineering difficulties in the project. He said Siemens didn´t leave any documentation about installed equipment when it left Iran in 1979, after the Iranian revolution halted the project. "Sometimes our specialists have to remove installed equipment and replace it with new Russian analogs, since we cannot guarantee ist quality," Adamov said.
An agreement between the two countries was signed in February 1998. The Russian side agreed to be responsible for completion of the whole project, with Iran paying about (U.S.)$800-million.

1996-03-25

Iran's Russian partners in the Busher project say the documentation from Siemens AG is needed to complete the first reactor on schedule. Zarubeszhatomenergostroi, the reactor vendor arm of the Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy (Minatom), is under contract to complete the two units, which were partially erected by Siemens during the 1970s.
Absence of technical documentation from Siemens has emerged as a main problem in completing the reactors.
If Iran cannot obtain the technical specifications for components supplied by Siemens, the German equipment will have to be replaced with Russian-made components.
Unless Iran were to obtain at least some of the outstanding data from German vendors, one Western reactor official said, "it might be difficult (for Iran) to quantify the reliability of safety-relevant reactor systems"at Busher, and Iran would be set back in any effort to perform a plant specific PSA for systems where Russian equipment would interface with German-supplied gear. Any PSA would have to rely on engineering data on the containment structure built by Siemens.
Siemens spokesman W.Breyer said Iran has not asked Siemens to supply technical data for German-supplied equipment. He said that, since Iran planned to install VVER PWRs in the reactor buildings originally meant to house Siemens reactors, any German-supplied nuclear equipment would be"only a marginal part" of the whole project.
German export control officials said Iran has made no official request for design specifications for the Siemens project, but a senior German official told Nucleonic Weeks March 26 that such a request would be "carefully weighed"and that Bonn would reject an Iranian request for data on components and systems above and beyond those already supplied by Siemens and other German vendors.
The senior German official added that, in the interest of enhancing reactor safety, Bonn might pass on to Iran engineering data on existing work completed at Busher. He cited as an example statistics on structures built under Siemens´ tenure at Busher which are now meant to house the VVERs.