Qinshan (China)

Map of Qinshan

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One PWR 300 MW constructed by CNNC
Three PWR 600 MW
One PWR 600 MW by CNNC

Facilities in Qinshan

plantreactor typconstruction startoperation startshut down
Qinshan-1PWR19851992
Qinshan-2-1PWR2002
Qinshan-3-1PWR19962002
Quinshan-2-2PWR19972004
Quinshan-2-4PWR2011
Quinshan-3-2PHWR19982003
1999-07-06

A serious accident that had happened in 1998 becomes public. Tubes for in-core instrumentation had moved as a result of damage to the reactor internals.
(source: greenpeace nuclear accident calendar)

1998-01-15

Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. (AECL) is building two pressurized heavy water reactors at Qinshan and Russian industry has just begun building two VVER-1000s at Lianyungang.
In each case, the national governments have offered attractive financial packages. Framatome´s four PWRs at Daya Bay and Ling Ao also had government financing.
Chinas National Nuclear Corp. (CNCC) are also seeking shorter construction times and better uranium efficiencies from new designs. The indigenous AC-600 and AC-1000 efforts, the former a passive safety design with some similarities to Westinghouse´s AP-600 begun in the late 1980s, and the latter an ongoing effort to upgrade the operating characteristics of the smaller design.
China´s first indigenous design was the 300-MW PWR operating at Quinshan-1, which CNNC is building in Pakistan at Chashma. The second design is a 600-MW PWR based on Framatome technology being built at the second Qinnshan phase as Qinshan-2 and -3. (The AECL Candus will be phase three, the fourth and fifth units on the sprawling site southwest of Shanghai).
In 1999 China are likely to order four reactors for Haiyang in Shandong Province and for Yangjiang in Guangdong Province, though none has yet been selected. CNNC specified that the units ordered would most likely be PWRs, which would be the "principal reactor type" built in China. The decision in principle to base China´s nuclear development on the PWR, and "will not be changed in the future."

1995-12-15

Framatome signed nearly 200-million French francs (US $40-million) worth of contracts last month with China National Nuclear Corp. (CNNC) to supply equipment for the Qinshan-2 and -3 PWRs being built in Zhejiang Province.
Framatome´s subsidiary NFM will make reactor vessel internals for the two units in the Le Creusot plant. ATEA, another subsidiary, will manufacture in-core instrumentation systems. Delivery is foreseen between 1997 and 1999.
Framatome said the new contract is an extension of the technical cooperation agreement concluded between the French vendor and Chinese authorities in 1992.
CNNC subsidiary China Nuclear Energy Industry Corp. (Cneic) reached agreement last March with Westinghouse Electric Corp. for engineering, project management, and quality assurance support for four Qinshan-2 and -3 steam generators as well as for reactor coolant pumps and motors. Due to US government restrictions on equipment sold to China, the equipment will be manufactured outside the US by Westinghouse licensees.
Separately, Cneic is reported to have asked Korea Heavy Industries & Construction Co. to manufacture the pressure vessels for Qinshan-2 and-3. Qinshan-2 is scheduled for commercial operation in 2001 and unit 3, in 2002.

1995-04-20

PSAR submitted and construction start scheduled for June 1996 at Quinshan-2 and 3. Site of the two 600 MW units is 2 km from Quinshan-1.Unit-2 & 3 are follow-on plants designed by Chinese engineers. Reference plant is not Quinshan-1 ( which was extrapolated from a Chinese submarine reactor) but Daya Bay a turn-key Framatome PWR. Unlike the larger Daya Bay plant which has 3 loops the Quinshan plants will have only two; power density will be lower, RPV diameter is enlarged to reduce neutron exposure, PRZ volume is increased and the auxiliary FW system is strengthened.

1995-03-21

Westinghouse has expanded its agreement with Cneic and will provide SGs, RCPs and motors for two 600 MW PWRs being built at Quinshan. equipment will be manufactured by company licensees: the Spanish firm Equipos Nuclear S.A. will manufacture th SG; Shanghai Boiler Co. will complete their assembly & testing. MHI will manufacture the RCPs & motors; Shen Yang Co. will complete their assembly & testing.
Last month Westinghouse signed an agreement with CNEIC to provide two 650 MW steam turbines for Quinshan, which Harbin Turbine Ltd. of China will manufacture, while Westinghouse will manufacture the rotors, turbine blades, valves and complete the turbine control system. The two units are scheduled to begin commercial operation in 2001/2

1995-03-21

Westinghouse has expanded its agreement with CNNC and will provide SGs, RCPs and motors for two 600 MW PWRs being built at Quinshan. Equipment will be manufactured by company licensees: the Spanish firm Equipos Nuclear S.A. will manufacture th SG; Shanghai Boiler Co. will complete their assembly & testing. MHI will manufacture the RCPs & motors; Shen Yang Co. will complete their assembly & testing.
Last month Westinghouse signed an agreement with CNNC to provide two 650 MW stem turbines for Quinshan, which Harbin Turbine Ltd. of China will manufacture, while Westinghouse will manufacture the rotors, turbine blades, valves and complete the turbine control system. The two units are scheduled to begin commercial operation in 2001/2.

1991-12-01

Start of operation at China's first NPP. Site of the plant is 98 km south of Shanghai in Zhejang Province. Plant is designed by Chinese engineers from the Bejing Institute of Nuclear engineering - it was extrapolated from a Chinese submarine reactor.
Commercial operation began in March 1993 after testing and several modifications.