Koeberg (South Africa)

Map of Koeberg

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2*900 MW PWR units built by Framatome, construction started in 1976, grid connection 1984/85

Facilities in Koeberg

plantreactor typconstruction startoperation startshut down
Koeberg-1PWR19761984
Koeberg-2PWR19761985
1997-05-28

Accidental leaks have twice this year exposed workers to radiation, in early March and May.
In the first case the exposure was below the levels set by the Council for Nuclear Safety but higher than the in -house limits that Eskom set for itself. The CNS limit is 50 mSv a year while that of Eskom is 20 mSv. In the second case, the exposure that was suffered was approximately double the annual limit that the CNS sets.
In the first case, a worker went into an area which was off-limits.
In the second case, which involved three workers, it seems that one of the pieces of equipment that the workers were using to monitor the radiation that they were being exposed to was defective and therefore they were not aware of the fact that they were being exposed to higher levels than they ought to be.

1997-05-28

After spending billions of Rands on its nuclear industry South Africa is now squaring up to the problem of how to deal with the long-term disposal of radioactive wastes, a parliamentary committee heard on Wednesday.
The industry has largely been wound down in recent years and now concentrates more on high-tech products for medicine and industry rather than producing nuclear energy and making bombs, but the waste remains in various forms.
University of Cape Town Science Advice Unit director Thomas Auf der Heyde told the minerals and energy committee that an official radioactive waste policy was one of the key policy issues facing government in the nuclear industry.
Low and intermediate wastes from the Koeberg nuclear power plant in the Western Cape are stored at the Vaalputs storage depot in the Northern Cape while high level waste is stored at Pelindaba and Koeberg.
"But these are temporary storage sites pending the determination of a long term solution to the treatment and management of this waste," Auf der Heyde said.
Apart from nuclear fuel rods, radioactivity was also released through gold mine dumps, slimes dams and steel tubes and pipes used in mines.
South Africa's nuclear fuel industry dates back to 1945, when Britain asked South Africa to investigate uranium deposits with a view to supplying uranium to British and American atomic bomb projects.
By 1965, the first atomic energy research reactor on the African continent had been commissioned at Pelindaba.

1991-11-11

Tube damage caused by escaping gas -> shut down