Belarus

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Developments in the nuclear sector

2012: Update Construction start Ostrovets NPP: 2013

"Belarus plans to have its first nuclear power plant operating from about 2017, with Russian finance.

In mid 2006 the government approved a plan for the construction of an initial 2000 MWe PWR nuclear power plant in the in the Mogilev region of eastern Belarus.

Operation of the Ostrovets plant with 2340 MWe net on line is scheduled for 2018 and the second unit in 2020.

A VVER-1000 unit was earlier being built near Minsk but construction was abandoned in 1988 after the Chernobyl accident. "
(source: http://www.world-nuclear.org)

2011, Feb: Construction will begin in Aug/Sept. 2011

powergen / ITAR-TASS

http://www.powergenworldwide.com/index/display/wire-news-display/1359441311.html

Initial construction work at Belarus NPP to begin in Aug-Sep 2011

TASS
February 14, 2011

Initial construction work at the Belarus nuclear power plant will begin in August or September
2011, First Vice Prime Minister Vladimir Smeashko said on Monday, February 14.

"We are beginning to build a nuclear power plant this year. The preparatory period is drawing to
an end, the document has been signed, according to which initial construction work will begin
from the end of August or the beginning of September," he said.

He noted with satisfaction "progress at the talks with Russia on a loan for the construction of
the first Belarusian nuclear power plant".

The Russian Finance Ministry will consider the possibility of issuing a loan for the construction
of a nuclear power plant in Belarus, Atomstroyexport First Vice President Alexander Dybov
said last week.

In his opinion, the cost of two units for the Belarusian NPP will exceed eight billion U.S. dollars.
Ideally, Belarus would like to get a loan covering the full cost. "But the terms of the agreement
have not been coordinated yet, and I do not want to anticipate things," the official said.

Rosatom head Sergei Kiriyenko said that the inter-governmental agreement with Belarus on
cooperation in the construction of the nuclear power plant would be signed before the end of
the first quarter of this year.

"We have prepared the agreement on the construction of the nuclear power plant in Belarus.
The Russian side suggested that the agreement on energy cooperation be included in it. We
are working on these documents now," Belarusian Deputy Energy Minister Mikhail Mikhadyuk
said.

Deputy Director-General of Russia's state-owned corporation Rosatom Nikolai Spasski
confirmed that the agreement on the construction of the nuclear power plant was ready but the
sides "have serious questions that need to be discussed."

"This is not a matter of some distant future. This is a real construction project in the very centre
of our space. We are working in a friendly and constructive key, and all the questions that arise
will be solved promptly," he said.

Belarus and Russia disagreed over the creation of a joint venture that should sell the electricity
to be generated by the future nuclear power plant. After long disputes, Belarus suggested a
corrected version, under which the joint venture will sell electricity generated by the whole
energy system in Belarus.

Russia and Belarus hope to finish the first stage of the plant in 2017.

The two first units of the future Belarusian nuclear power plant are expected to be
commissioned before 2020, Belarusian Deputy Energy Minister Yuri Rymashevsky said earlier.

"In the next five years and in the period up to 2020, Belarus plans to launch new electricity-
generating facilities, including those in the atomic energy sector," he said.

Belarus plans to build its first nuclear power plant with the generating capacity of 2.4
megawatts. The NPP will be designed by Russia. Initially it was planned that the first power unit
would be commissioned in 2016, and the second one in 2018.

The nuclear power plant will be located in the Ostrovetsky district of the Grodno region.

Russia's Atomstroiexport company will be the project's general contractor.

Belarus had asked the Russian government to provide a 9-billion-U.S. dollar loan for the
construction of two units of the Belarusian first nuclear power plant and for the creation and
development of necessary infrastructure.

According to Belarusian estimates, the commissioning of the nuclear power plant will make it
possible to reduce the cost of electricity in the country by 20 percent.

First Vice Prime Minister Vladimir Semashko said, "It has yet to be seen who needs the nuclear
power plant more. To us it means diversification of energy supplies; to Russia, it means
contracts for its machine-building industry."

He said the cost of project was estimated at six billion U.S. dollars and would involve from
several dozen to several hundred enterprises.

Semashko expressed confidence that Russia would keep its promise and give Belarus a loan
for building the nuclear power plant under the Russian project.

Russia reiterated earlier its readiness to issue such a loan for the construction of the first
nuclear power plant in Belarus.

"Russia is ready to issue a loan for the construction of a nuclear power plant, i.e. power units
and support infrastructure," Russian ambassador to Belarus Alexander Surikov said.

According to the Russian diplomat, Russia and Belarus are working to lay the groundwork for
the deal. The two countries have already singed a cooperation agreement on the peaceful sue
of atomic energy and are currently negotiating the sale of electricity generated by the future
nuclear plant.

"The two countries' energy ministries are debating what should be done with the future energy
markets in order not to throw sand in each other's wheels," Surikov noted.

Copyright 2011 ITAR-TASS News AgencyAll Rights Reserved
TASS

2009, Sept: Belarus has issued an Environmental impact assessment on the NPP construction

They plan to build a AES 2006, a Russion reactor of the third generation.

The statement to the Environmental Impact Statement published by the Austrian Government can be found here:
http://www.ecology.at/files/pr676_1.pdf
Authors are the Austrian Institute of Ecology and Helmut Hirsch as external consulant.

Project homepage:
http://www.ecology.at/eia_kkw_belarus.htm

2009, Aug: Belarus makes feasibility study about nuclear power with help of Russia

"Russia's AtomStroyExport (ASE) has signed an agreement to assist in a feasibility study into the construction of the Belarus' first nuclear power plant.

The feasibility study - which will look at the investment options available to finance the proposed plant - is to be completed by the end of 2009.

In May, Russia and Belarus signed an intergovernmental agreement on cooperation in the field of atomic energy for peaceful purposes. This framework specifies the main directions of cooperation in the development, design, construction and operation of nuclear power plants, nuclear fuel supply, nuclear and radiation safety, as well as scientific cooperation, training and others. The Belarus council of ministers approved this agreement on 1 September

An intergovernmental agreement between Russia and Belarus specifically on cooperation in the construction of a nuclear power plant in Belarus is expected to be signed in October. ASE said that work is progressing on the preparation of contractual agreements with signatures due in December.

Belarus earlier launched a tender for the construction of the plant and invited bids from Rosatom, Areva and Westinghouse-Toshiba. ASE - Rosatom's nuclear power plant construction subsidiary - was reportedly the only bidder prepared to proceed and provide financing.

The plant will initially comprise two 1200 MWe AES-2006 model pressurized water reactors. The first unit is scheduled to be commissioned in 2016 and the second in 2018, ASE said. Ostrovetsk in the Grodno region has been selected as the prime candidate site for the plant, which places it in the north east of the country near to neighbouring Lithuania and Poland and not more than 300 km from another Russian build project in Kaliningrad.

Belarus' ministry of natural resources and environmental protection has published an environmental impact assessment (EIA) report of the nuclear power plant's construction and operation. The ministry said that the plant would meet international standards on nuclear and radiation safety.

Belarus, heavily energy dependent on gas imported from Russia, is steadily moving ahead with plans for its first operating nuclear plant. At the beginning of 2008, the country's Security Council confirmed that it intended to build, and a bill enshrining the "fundamental principles" for the introduction of nuclear power was passed in June 2008."
(source: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org)