Map of Vietnam

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Electricity generation in Vietnam

Nuclear power

Currently no NPPs and one research reactor are operating in Vietnam. The research reactor is located at Da Lat and operated with Russian assistance. (source: WNA)

Mix of energy generation

Demand is growing rapidly and is expected to reach about 100 billion kWh/yr in 2010 - from 40 billion kWh in 2003.
More than half of its power comes from hydro, a quarter from gas.

Electricity production and demand

In 2004, Vietnam had 9.0 gigawatts (GW) of installed electric generating capacity. Vietnam generated 40.1 billion kilowatthours (Bkwh) of total electricity, of which 52 percent was supplied by conventional thermal sources and 48 percent came from hydroelectric sources. Electricity demand has increased steadily in Vietnam during the last decade, but the country’s per capita energy consumption remains one of the lowest in Asia. Vietnam imports small amounts of electricity from China in the north to avoid shortages


Developments in the nuclear sector

2009, Feb: China intends to help Vietnam in building up nuclear sector

Vietnam will receive help in developing a nuclear energy sector from China Guangdong Nuclear Power Company (CGNPC).

The country has studied using nuclear energy since the 1980s but in recent years has progressed steadily with national energy plans which would see 2000 MWe of nuclear capacity constructed from 2014. A feasibility study on this is expected mid-year, although it had previously been slated for 2008.

A statement from CGNPC said Vietnam plans to double the output to 4000 MWe and have some of this begin operation by 2021 - in line with a five-year construction period from 2014. The two have signed a letter of intent to cooperate on Vietnam's first nuclear project.

CGNPC is a leading firm in China's booming nuclear sector. It already owns the Daya Bay and Ling Ao nuclear power plants, while it controls construction work at Ling Ao Phase II, Liaoning, Fuqing, Ningde, and Yangjiang. When complete, those projects will take CGNPC's installed capacity to 20 GWe. Meanwhile, preliminary work for 8 GW more is underway at Taishan, Fangchengang and Hubei.

CGNPC is experienced in pressurized water reactors up to 1000 MWe known as CPR-1000s, the domestic design of which has been developed and localised from the 900 MWe French units at Daya Bay. All the units under construction are of that design, except for the two Areva EPRs set for Taishan.

(source: world nuclear news)

2006: Announcment of intent to construct NPP

In February 2006 the government announced that a 2000 MWe nuclear power plant would be on line by 2020. A feasibility study for this due to be completed in 2008, with a view to construction start in 2011 and commissioning in 2017. This general target was confirmed in a nuclear power development plan approved by the government in August 2007, with the target being raised to a total of 8000 MWe nuclear by 2025. In April 2008 it was reported that 4000 MWe was planned for the southern Ninh Thuan province to be constructed from 2015 and come into operation from 2020.
(source: World Nuclear Association

1996: Feasibility studies about nuclear power

In 1996, Vietnam started two kinds of feasibility studies aimed at instituting nuclear power in 2010 and thereafter. One was being conducted by the Vietnam Atomic Energy Commission (VINATOM) in cooperation with the Electric Power Agency and the Ministry of Industry. A report covering points such as potential sites, development costs, and lead times is expected to be issued in July 1998. The other is being carried out by VINATOM with the cooperation of other government bodies and research organisations. In the process of developing Vietnam's energy strategy up to 2000, it will examine the scientific, technical, and social problems posed by nuclear power.